AP US Government 2018-19


  Due for Tuesday 4/2  The Bureaucracy Test
    1) Study for the Ch. 15 Bureaucracy test today.  It will be fun, like the first test of the last quarter of your high school

        career. (Except for you Ilayai :( )

    2) Find (and print) a witty MEME about Government  Bureaucracy.  The best MEME will earn bonus points on

        today's test.  This is not an optional assignment so find a good one.


  Due for Thursday 3/28  The Bureaucracy
    1) The Quarter ends today.  Please ensure you have turned in all late work and taken all tests.

        You are responsible for finishing everything before taking a school sponsored trip.  Given the kindness of your

        teachers on your DC trip, I will follow their example for their classes.  

    2) Finish the Bureaucracy reading, pages (424-438).  Answer these questions and define these terms: 

               A. Summarize the process whereby a federal bureaucrat can be fired.

               B. Discuss how FTC lawyers and economists differ in their attitudes, opinions and decision-making.

               C. Identify 3-4 effects of the constraints that are placed on agency behavior.

               D. Explain why iron triangles are much less common today than they used to be.

               E. Identify and explain the five major bureaucratic pathologies and summarize what the author’s provide

                   as an explanation for their existence in our system of government.

                F.  Discuss the approach to reform of the federal bureaucracy that is employed by the National

                      Performance Review (NPR). 

       Terms: (Define each in YOUR OWN WORDS...  If I wanted a book definition, I'd ask Rainman)

      a. annual authorizations           b. appropriation               c. bureaucracy                    d. bureaucratic imperialism

       e. Chadha                             f. Civil Service Reform Act   g. committee clearance    h. competitive service

       i. discretionary authority    j. excepted service               k. government by proxy     l. iron triangle

       m. issue networks              n. laissez-faire                        m. legislative veto              n. National Performance Review

       o. patronage                        p. Pendleton Act                    q. red tape                          r. schedule C 

       s. Senior Executive Service         t. Whistle Blower Protection Act 


  Due for Tuesday 3/26  The Bureaucracy

    1) Start the Chapter 15 Bureaucracy reading, pages (408-424).  Answer these questions:

               A. What are the three aspects of our constitutional system and political traditions that give our

                    bureaucracy a distinctive character?

               B. Explain what “government by proxy” means and what are the arguments for/ against this method

                  of providing services?

                C. Summarize the debate which took place with respect to presidential appointments in the First

                    Congress (1789). What was the outcome of the conflict?

                D. Why did federal agencies primarily perform a service role before 1900?

                E.  Identify the 3 areas in which Congress delegated substantial authority to administrative agencies.

                F. Generalize about the 3 percent of the excepted service employees who are appointed on grounds

                    other than or in addition to merit. 

    2) Angelina, Hailey and Ilayai will give their presentation today. Bring popcorn and prepare to be entertained.


  Due for Friday 3/22    The Judiciary Test

    1)  Judiciary test today.  

    2) Find the best MEME about American Court System.  The best MEME will earn bonus points on today's test.  
        The worst will receive sympathy.  The ones not turned in on time will receive a 0.

    3) Check out this article discussing Social Security Fraud. Open for discussion?


  Due for Wednesday 3/20 The Judiciary

    1) Finish the chapter, reading pages 346-362.  Turn in the Judiciary questions and terms.


   Due for Monday 3/18 The Judiciary
    1) Read Chapter 16.  Read Pages (326-346) Be ready for Valerie and Maya's presentation.

        Begin work on these terms and questions  Expect a Quiz based on both.
    2) Here is the powerpoint used in class.  A tad dated but still excellent information. Look it over!  


  Due for Thursday 3/14    The Presidency and Executive Branch
    1) Study for the Executive Branch test.
    2) Answer the following questions in short paragraphs (Short Answer format).  While writing, use complete
       sentences in short answer form!  
 
  a. What do the authors offer as the cause of divided government and how does it "cure" supposed ills of uniform
        party control of the presidency and Congress?
    b. Identify executive actions by Jackson, Lincoln, FDR, LBJ and Bush (or others) expanded Presidential powers. 
        Hint-Hint: Pay special attention to those taken without the authorization of Congress.
    c. Explain how the electoral college works, how many votes are needed win and what happens if no candidate
       receives a majority of electoral college votes.
    d. Identify 5–6 powers of the president and briefly explain each.
    e. Describe the three ways that presidents can organize his personal staff. In doing so, address the strengths
        and weaknesses of each approach.
    f. What is executive privilege and how has the Supreme Court has ruled on this issue?
    g. What are “signing statements” and what are the arguments both for and against their use?
    h. What do the authors identify as the major checks/limits on the president’s power? (Detail at least 5)
    3) Find a good review video... it shouldn't be hard given the amount of stuff on the net.  The best Executive
         Branch AP Gov video will be rewarded,  If its really good I'll show it right before the test next class and your
         classmates will adore you... (more than before).  But you must send me the link before class.

    4) Complete an outline for each of the following 3 videos.  (If you have not already done so! -slackers)


        Powers of the President             Roles of Pres.          Pres. Cabinet 
 


    Due for Friday 3/8 The Presidency
    1) Finish pages 364-388 in the Wilson Text. (Chapter 14)  Answer the following questions and define
       the following terms.
    2) Watch this Crash Course video and answer these questions.

    3) Alex and Aaron present next class.

   Due for Wednesday 3/6  The Executive Branch  
    1) Begin Reading Chapter 14 on the Presidency.   We will begin with Dana and Brendita's presentation today.


    2) Complete  a brief outline for the Presidency by watching the following 3 videos and creating a summary
       of each.
                      Powers of the President         Roles of Pres.    Pres. Cabinet  

  
Due for Monday (3/4)     - Congress
    1)  Watch the following videos and  make a short outline for each based on what you thought was important.  
        Note some of these 7 videos are really short (2-3) minutes. and none more than 9 minutes.

       Congress,                      Congress 4.2,                 Congress 4.3,              Congress 4.4,       


                      Congress 4.5                      Congress 4.6,               Congress 4.7 


   2) Complete the following video assignment  about Congress and complete its questions. Hint, Congressman

      Weiner is in rare form in one clip.  You'll love the rider attached to the  9/11 responder vote.

  Due for Thursday 2/28     Congress
     1) Now that you have gotten to know your district and worked with other congressmen/women, begin thinking
        about what (if any restrictions) you want to make regarding immigration of underage minors.  You will have to
        answer two  major concerns:
       A)     
i) Do you think the Federal Government should enforce a uniform Immigration policy or allow each state
                     to craft their own immigration requirements?  
                 ii) What specific restrictions would you like to see in your  proposed Immigration law with regard to minors?
                      Give concrete ideas... should children receive education, a chance at residency or a plane ticket home?
                      Have 3-4 concrete proposals  to suggest.

      B) If you need inspiration, read this article from Forbes magazine suggesting some pretty avant-garde ideas.  
           Even if you don't, read this article.  Are any of these ideas worth trying?  Can you find other articles
           with anything better?
    2) Make sure you answer the questions on this handout, front and back.  Then be ready to draft a sample bill
         using this template:    Word            PDF

     3) Watch the following three Crash Course Videos on Congress and answer these questions.  

          Congressional Committees                Congressional Leadership         How A Bill Becomes a Law
   
 
Due for Tuesday 2/26    Congress
    1)
Be ready for a test on the legislative material today.  Reading your chapter would make things much easier..  

      If everyone does the homework today, You can take your test on Thursday instead.  If someone doesn't,

       its today.

    2) Each student's Congressional District Assignments was listed below.  Please bring in your completed
       constituent form so that you can lobby for their interests.  Please take time to check out each of the following

        three recommended sites  to your conduct research: 


         www.govtrack.us    and     www.50states.com      and      www.census.gov     


      Also consider looking up your representative for news stories.  Some politicians are quite colorful and you may
      as well have fun with the identity you are assuming.
    2) Given that we effectively lost a day last week, we will not run the entire simulation.  We will focus only on

       Immigration Policy using the following brief.  Familiarize yourself by reading through it.

         Note the first 2 pages discuss a proposed law to deport immigrant minors and the last pages discuss 
         3 possible outcomes.  Chose the one which most closely matches your district voters'  beliefs.
​    3) Finish this research worksheet on the two senate challengers from Florida in 2016. 

   4) Powerpoint for Congress #1  Enjoy.
   

  Due for Friday 2/22 The Legislature

    1) If you did not view the video on Obamacare, WATCH IT NOW.  Seriously... not sure why the sub didn't show it

       during class but you should probably watch ALL of IT,  Then answer these questions

    2) Finish studying the Chapter... expect a quiz.  The test is next class on the Legislature. 


  Due for Wednesday 2/20 The Legislature

    1) Finish reading Chapter 13 and  answer all following questions.  
                            a. Discuss the relationship between ideology and civility in Congress in recent years.
                            b. Identify the factors that help to explain the way a member of Congress votes.
                            c.  Describe the formal process by which a bill becomes a law.
                            d. Explain the ethical problems confronting Congress.
                            e. Explain what a “filibuster” is and how “Rule 22” applies to filibusters.
                            f. Generalize about the social characteristics of the typical member of Congress and describe
                               recent trends in membership.
                            g. What are some explanations for why congressional seats have become deeper Red/Blue?
                            h. Identify and explain the three views of congressional voting.
                            i. Why are members of Congress strong liberals and conservatives while the American people are
                             usually somewhere in the center?
                            j. Explain the three types of resolutions that Congress can pass.
                            k. Explain the four procedures for voting in Congress.
                            l. Identify 5-6 rules with respect to Congressional ethics.  

    2)  Research your Congressional District and complete this form.  Dig deep, searching for scandals & controversies.

        Pull up a video of your representative.  Watch them in action.  The student with the best story or video clip  

        wins a Starbuck's card next class. You vote. Here are your assignments:

         Amelia- Illinois            8th District     Democrat

         Aaron -  Colorado       1st District      Democrat

         Alex-     New Mexico  2nd District    Democrat

         Bell-      Vermont        1st District       Democrat

         Carlyn - California      12th District     Democrat

         Dana-     New York      14th District    Democrat

         Kate-      Connecticut  4th District     Democrat

         Maya-    Rhode Island  2nd District   Democrat

         Zayda-   Hawaii             2nd District   Democrat

         IIayai-      N. Carolina    12th District   Democrat 


        Angelina- Alabama      3rd District     Republican

        Brandon-  Oklahoma   3rd District     Republican

        Brenda-    West Virg.    3rd District     Republican

        Hailey-     Arkansas       2nd District    Republican

        Taylor-     Ohio               8th District      Republican

        T.J. -         Minnesota     6th District      Republican

       Valerie-    Utah               3rd District      Republican

    3) The next group, (presenting today) will be: TJ and Carlyn on the 2nd half of Chapter 13, starting on page 319.

        The remaining group schedule will be as follows, although the dates may change, so check the website as

        your date approaches..

        Dana and Brendita       Presidency Part 1    

        Aaron and Alex             Presidency Part 2    

        Angelina, Hailey, IIayai Bureaucracy           

        Valerie and Maya          Judiciary                   

        Aaron and Alex              Economic Policy     

        Dana and Brendita        Social Welfare         

        Bell and Brandon          Environ. Policy       


  Due for Friday 2/15 Test on Interest Groups and the Media

  1) Be ready for the test Today!!!  Hint... know the Iron Triangle.


 Due Wednesday 2/13 Media, Interest Groups
   1) Kate and Amelia will begin student presentations today with the Legislature, Chapter 13, pgs. 297-319  All student 
      presentations should include a visual presentation and a handout with key terms and concepts for note-taking.
  2) To prepare, please read Chapter 13 and  answer the following questions.  The questions below are not due until

      Tuesday, 2/19.
                             a. Discuss the relationship between ideology and civility in Congress in recent years.
                            b. Identify the factors that help to explain the way a member of Congress votes.
                            c.  Describe the formal process by which a bill becomes a law.
                            d. Explain the ethical problems confronting Congress.
                            e. Explain what a “filibuster” is and how “Rule 22” applies to filibusters.
                            f. Generalize about the social characteristics of the typical member of Congress and describe
                               recent trends in membership.
                            g. What are some explanations for why congressional seats have become deeper Red/Blue?
                            h. Identify and explain the three views of congressional voting.
                            i. Why are members of Congress strong liberals and conservatives while the American people are
                             usually somewhere in the center?
                            j. Explain the three types of resolutions that Congress can pass.
                           k. Explain the four procedures for voting in Congress.
                           l. Identify 5-6 rules with respect to Congressional ethics.
 

    3) Finish the term matching review for Media Terms.  Here's the PDF.

    4) If you did not view the 2 Crash Course Videos on  Media Regulation and Media Institutions

      with accompanying questions here:      Regulation       and      Institutions
      
  Due for Monday 2/11 The Role of the Media and the Legislature
    1) Watching the video about the Media by FRONTLINE which examines the political, cultural, legal, and
        economic forces challenging the news media today and how the press has reacted in turn. 
    2) Study Chapters 11 and 12 for the Media/Interest Group test on Friday.
    3) Listen to examples of Conservative Talk Show Host Rush Limbaugh or Alex Jones and consider why they 
       appeals to so many conservative radio listeners. Were you surprised by the abusive language from the show

       which mocked female congresswomen for wearing white and called women's rights activists "Feminnazis"?

       Then consider the effects of the democratic infighting in Virginia and how an ouster of the top 3 Democrats

      would enable a Rush Limbaugh supported conservative to replace them.  Political correctness at its

       best?  Or perhaps Liberals should allow their leaders a measure of forgiveness for a mistake made almost half

       a century ago?  I dunno, but be prepared to debate it. 

    4)  Then listen to a liberal Television show hosts  Steven Colbert and Trevor Noah and consider why they appeal to

         liberal viewers.  Also consider Fox News and MSNBC feeds for bias.  Regardless, finish the handout from class

        asking you analyze the various news streams. 

     4) Here is a copy of the Media ppt. used in class.

     5) Here are a pair of great Media fact finding websites discussed in class:  Allsides.com       Factcheck.com

         Look them over and be prepared to explain which you preferred and why.  Please don't skip this.

     6) If you need to make up the two in class assignments on the media, please complete them here:   #1    and #2

         with the accompanying 20 min documentary here. Yes, these were both graded.

     7) We will look at this 3 min. video today.  Is there truth to it?


  Due for Tuesday 2/5 Media
 
  1) We are beginning Ch. 12 on Media (pg. 298 -314).   We'll have a quiz next class with questions pulled directly from

       the reading. 
    2) Answer these questions.

​    3) Turn in the Take Home test on Interest groups. (handed out in class on Friday)

    4) Is the SOTU to be given today?  If so, get ready for some Trump buzzword bingo.

    5) There will be an after-school meeting for the Charleston trip on Wednesday after school from 4:25 to 5:00 in Mr. 
        Vitale's trailer/classroom.


    Due for Friday 2/1 Interest Groups
  
1) Take the interest group test as a take home assignment to be completed over the weekend. I will cover the

       remainder of the interest group material today before sending you home with the test.

    2) Complete this short Study Guide.

    3) We will view the following short video on interest groups, in case you were absent.
  

  Due for Wednesday 1/30 Interest Groups
 
   1) Finish reading Chapter 10 and answer the following questions.
      a) How do interest groups employ “ratings?” What are some examples of groups who employ such devices
          and why are they also problematic?
      b. Summarize what political scientists know about trends in PAC activity and what we know about the influence
         of PACs on congressional voting.
      c. Identify three restrictions on former executive branch employees who want to represent clients before 
          government agencies.
      d. What three regulations were placed on lobbyists and lobbying activity in March of 2007?
   
  2) Learn the following terms and draw a picture for each showing you understand its significance.
     3) Finish watching thefollowing teacher's  class video about interest groups.


  Due for Monday 1/28 Interest Groups
 
   1) Read Chapter 11 pgs. 270-283 on Interest Groups.  Then answer the following questions:
       a. Discuss the four reasons identified by the authors for why interest groups are so common in this country.
       b. Explain how government policy contributed to the rise of interest groups since the 1960s.
       c. Identify some of the defining characteristics of institutional and membership interests.
       d. Identify and explain the three types of incentives which mass-membership organizations offer.
       e. Describe the three types of feminist organizations.
       f. Discuss the rise & fall of the union movement with attention given to causes of decline and recent trends in 

          union membership.
       g. Why are federal grants and contracts a topic of interest in relation to interest groups and how have recent 
           administrations attempted to affect the relationship between them?


  Exam Week will run from Tuesday 1/15 to Friday 1/19.  

    1) Good Luck!  Review your study guides.. 


   Due for Monday 1/14 Elections Wrap Up 
    1) Be ready to tackle the Elections by reading the following guidebook section. Seriously read through it
       and decide if you think a guide book is worth it.  It breaks issues down using straightforward language.  
        Pay close attention to the chart showing Campaign Finance limits.  
    2) Here is the comic video by Stephen Colbert about PAC's.  Colbert made a 2016 run for office and created 
      a PAC. Later, he transferred the funds to a SuperPAC to demonstrate how broken the system has become.  
      In doing so, he demonstrated how easy it is to spend money on whatever you want and secretly coordinate with
      candidates using PAC money.  His work explains how Trump, Gingrich and Palin used hundreds of millions of 
      dollars for a medley of expenses, even paying for lavish lifestyles years after the election was over.  It also 
     explains how easy it is to flout the Federal Commission because of political gridlock and rampant partisanship.

       Enjoy.... even if it's impact on our political system is kinda scary. Thanks Citizens United case (2010)!
    3) Watch this video by another AP Gov teacher... its a little dry but it does a nice job analyzing the themes you must 
       know for the Elections test today.

  Due for Thursday 1/10 Elections
    1)  Make sure you study for the Midterm exam which will included Elections next week.  Expect identifications

      a short and a long essay question about elections in the AP GOV format.  What could be more fun than a midterm?
    2) Watch the following Crash Course # 6 (Congressional Elections)  and #36 (Basics of Elections) and

           answer each set(1 )and (2) questions . 

    3) The longest shutdown in US History was 21 days.  Sorry as I think I said 31 in class.  Either way, its possible

       Trump is about to make history, for all the wrong reasons. Please come in with a predicted number of days you

       think the current government shutdown will last.  There will be a fabulous prize for the most accurate prediction.

       If you don't think it is a big deal, consider what would happen to your family if your parents lost their income for a

        month or more, remembering that the bottom median 40% of Americans could not pay an unexpected $400 bill.

    4) Lastly, Here is a chart showing who regulates campaign finance.  The IRC (Internal Revenue Code, also known

        as Title 26), is the governing law for tax exempt organizations.  

  Due for Tuesday 1/8 Elections
    1) Watch this video on Elections and answer the following questions.

    2) Know the following identifications for elections.   It's not enough just to know them but you must...
    2) Define the following terms from chapter 10.  You can refer to the chapter, the powerpoint or another resource.

    3) Please be aware of the Rho Kappa Meeting today in the Library.  We will have a guest speaker so attendance is

        mandatory.    


  Due for Winter Break
 
  1) Complete this Midterm Review packet!  It's like a little ball of holiday cheer landed on your desk. Please don't

       let it roll off with a tragic excuse like "I didn't have enough time" or "I decided I want to work fast food for the rest

       of my life".  Over 90% of the last 3 year's classes received college credit for US Government... lets be honest,
        it was
NOT because of stellar teaching.  It was because students stepped up on assignments like this. Thank you

       for taking care of business and helping yourself!  
    2) Read Chapter 10.  Its called "Elections" so you can imagine its importance in a course about democratic
       government. I'd like to assign it to some relatives who don't seem to understand how they work, but they'd

       have to learn to read newspapers first.   Once read, please answer the following questions:
  
      a.  Explain four major ways in which presidential and congressional elections differ.  Explain each!!!
        b.  The local orientation of legislators have what three important effects on how policy is made?
        c. List the qualifications for members of the House and members of the Senate.
        d.  Explain the role of ideology in primary elections and in the general election. Why do the authors suggest

             a candidate has to run two different elections to win and what must they do during the main elections.  
        e. Explain the difference between valence and position issues and discuss the use of each in our campaign.
        f.  Explain how presidential candidates can qualify for matching funds in primary campaigns.
       g. Describe three important changes in the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002.
       h.. The text suggests money does not make as much of a difference in who wins or loses the general

           election because all of the major candidates have it. What are four other things  mentioned by the authors

           that don't make much of a difference in a major campaign?
        i. What are some things that campaigns  can do which ACTUALLY make a difference in winning? 

    3) Here's an interesting political protest video adapted for the current era.  It borrows from the legacy of the
        Vietnam protest era and provides an interesting example of political culture.  The song is both catchy and

         one of my favorites from Prom Night of 1942.  Can you find suggest any good contemporary protest music?


  Due for Thursday 12/14 Political Parties
    1) Finish the Fiorina article...and the attached questions
    2) Watch the following videos #40 and #41 on Political Parties in the USA and answer these questions.
    3) Look over the Powerpoints for Parties.   #1            #2              #3 
   4)  Here is the Pictochart for the Democrats and Republicans.


  Due for the Friday 12/14 Political Parties

    1) Finish reading the article.

    2) Finish Chapter 9.  Outline the chapter... all outlines should be hand-written and at least 2  1/2 pages.


  Due for Wednesday 12/12  Political Parties
 
   1)  Read the following article... its about 20 pages but well written and detailed stuff.  It's considered to be one
       of the pre-eminent articles about the state of the political system. Then answer these questions. (The questions
        go in order and will be due by Friday , 12/14.)
    2) In a  display of audaciousness, the GOP tax plan had touted the support of "hundreds" of economists.  I have
       had difficulty finding any prominent economists who supported the GOP claims on behalf of their plan.  This
       SHORT article may explain why.  If this is true, why has there been so little outcry about the tax plan, still in
       committee.
    3) Read the following article analyzing the viability of last year's GOP tax plan.


  Due for Monday 12/10   Political Parties (I scheduled an ice storm to give you more time at home to do the work.)
 
  1) Answer the following questions about Political Parties in chapter 9:
   
    a. Describe political parties in the second party (or Jacksonian) system.
       b. Identify some of the reforms & causes  by the Progressives and assess their impact on political parties.
       c. Explain the two types of political realignment and identify the three clearest examples of such alignments.
       d. What are the 2 major explanations scholars employ to explain the presence of the two-party system in USA?

   2) Read the following list of platform positions and identify which party you think provided each by marking
        Democrat or Republican for each provision.

   3) We watched "The Choice" about the 2016 election.  Please finish the questions if we did not finish in class. 
    4) Colleges have long been considered a liberalizing influence.  In the 2016 election, there was an

       overwhelming correlation between the amount of education completed and a voter's chance of endorsing

       a Democratic candidate. Conservatives hypothesize this is because college professors tend to be more liberal. 

       Yet, experts suggest the educational experience exposes students to new ideas and people which conflict
       with some extremist narratives.  For  example, educated Americans are more likely to challenge the recent
         tax plan which has been debunked by most respected economists, including the GAO and the Economist.

         Regardless of why most college graduates tend to be more liberal, This article highlights the way many

        legislatures are now dealing with public college funding. Read it and write a 1/2 page short analysis  of

          the wisdom of such policies & what this means for the nation. Are we putting factions first or nation first?

   Due for Thursday 12/6 Political Parties
 
  1)  Continue reading Chapter 9 on Political Parties.  Finish reading it by Friday.
   2) Search the net or your mailbox.  (The real mailbox in front of your house, not the digital one w/ the stupid memes)

       Find a political advertisement you found to be effective and bring it or a link to it to explain its impact.
   3)  Read this additional short reading.  Then list 5  points made in the article that you agree/disagree with. 

   4) The ppt on Political Parties is here.

   5) There was a discussion of Parliament versus Congress last class.  Here is a short video that helps explain the

        differences. -- optional 


   Due for Tuesday 12/4  Political Participation
 
   1) Read through the powerpoint on political participation.

    2) Begin Reading the Chapter 9 on Political Parties.
  

   Due for Friday 11/30 Political Participation
 
  1) Prepare for today's quiz by memorizing every word of Chapter 8 like it was the Gettysburg Address. Turn

        in the Pictionary terms from #1 on Wednesday!
    2) Start the reading for Chapter 9 pgs. (202-212) Then answer these questions:
​      
a. Identify the three political arenas in which political parties exist.
      b. Describe how American political culture affects the power of political parties.
      c. How do Americans differ in their attitudes about parties from Europeans?
      d. Explain why some of the Founding Fathers were so negative about political parties.

    3) Watch this 6 minute video by another teacher. Its a solid breakdown of important political participation terms.


  Due for Wednesday 11/28 Political Participation
    1) Please define the following vocabulary for Chapter 8 with a definition and a picture for each term by Friday:
         
a. Australian (Secret) ballot             b. campaigners               c. communalists       
          d. complete activists                        e. Democrats                   f. inactives
           g. motor-voter law                           h. parochial participant   i. registered voters
           j. Twenty-sixth Amendment           k. voter apathy                 l. voting-age population
          m. voting-eligible population         n. Voting Rights Act of 1970   
          o. voting specialists                          p. white primaries 


    2) Here are the 4 campaign ads we viewed in class.  Enjoy the idiocy again (if you want a laugh again.)

                           #1          #2       #3      #4 

        3) The term "Dog Whistle" means a symbol or phrase that a candidates' political followers identify with, even if it

    wasn't actually spelled it out for them.  An example might be a Dixiecrat politician showing  an image of
    a black criminal in handcuffs to stoke racial fears or a liberal politician showing wealthy businessmen to stoke
    their follower's class consciousness.  Watch this GOP commercial and write down 4-5 symbols or phrases which act

     as "dog whistles" to alert conservatives.  Next watch this Democratic commercial and find 4-5  liberal whistles.   

       And here is a well done commercial that tried to straddle both sides in rural West Virginia. Sadly he lost, but wow!

    4) If you want extra credit, listen to this GOP song and write down all... its as complete (and funny) a list of whistles

      as you will find. 

    5) Political ads can go to far... here are a pair of Democrat and Republican leaning ads that many think crossed a line.  Be

     prepared to offer an opinion of both. Try to put yourself in the shoes of a person of the other party when viewing them.

    Be warned, they evoked emotional reactions in many viewers.


  Due for Thanksgiving Break  (Sorry... but thank you!)

    1) Due for Thanksgiving Break - Read chapter 8 on Political Participation.  THEN outline it
    Please use your own words.
    2) Answer the following questions:
      a. Explain what the motor-voter law is. Describe its impact on registration, turnout and election outcomes.
      b. What are the four most important changes that have occurred in elections since the founding?
      c. Identify ways that African Americans were kept from voting after ratification of the 15th Amendment. 
      d. Describe trends in the voting behavior of 18–21 year olds from 1972 to today.
      e. What is the difference between the VAP and VEP?  Explain how these measures affect our thinking about the
          apparent decline in voter turnout.
      f. Summarize the results of the classic study of political participation in the United States by Verba and Nie.


  Due for Tuesday- 11/19    Civil Rights/Liberties Test
    1) We are testing today on Chapters 5 and 6.  Study hard.  It's the last test before the holiday.  I attached

        a study guide of what you NEED to know for the test. It will be short, to the point and located here.

    2) Watch the following video by a respected teacher on Civil Rights... It's really good information, even if you

        already know everything. 
    2) Turn in your outline of Chapter 6 on Civil Rights.  As before, make sure you are using your own words 
        and avoid copying the work of others.  A good outline should be at least 3-4 pages.  And IT MUST BE

        HANDWRITTEN!!!
    3) Turn in the Chapter 6 questions.

    4) Enjoy Your Spring Break.  But first, enjoy your Thanksgiving Break.

​  Due for Thursday 11/15 Civil Rights/Liberties
    1) Watch this student made video which lists a handful of important Civil Rights cases.  Seriously.  

       It's creative. Afterwards, list each case/event mentioned and add a description for it.  Especially the one

         involving CMS.
    2) Start outlining Chapter 6, on Civil Rights.  Outlining should be done in your own words,  be handwritten

      and cover each paragraph's high points. Read in detail... especially the part about nearby Harding High. We

      will continue the newfound tradition of a quiz each day at the start of class.  
    3) Begin working on the following Chapter 6 questions.

   
4) Please watch this 5 minute video on Civil Liberties and answer the following questions.  


  Due for Tuesday 11/13 Pol. Culture & Civil Liberties 
    1) It is important to stay aware of political issues in the news.  That includes reading quality newspapers like the

        New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal.  Simply put, they provide a level of analysis you

       can't find elsewhere. Read the following article and answer these questions.  
    2) Prepare for the next test by answering these questions. They are a mixture of review and current material. 

       It will take you time to complete them accurately but doing them will certainly help your chances on the

        next test.  

    3) Start reading Chapter 6 on Civil Rights.  It's important.  Plus, you have a long weekend and college applications

       are done. Even better, most people like Civil Rights.  But be warned, you know less about them than you

       think.  So please read.  Or don't... either way, there will be a quiz on the first half of the chapter.


 Due for Thursday 11/8 Civil Rights and Election Analysis

    1) Finish the remaining questions from the Chapter 5 reading.  They are due in class or e-mailed to me on

         Thursday, 11/8.

    2) Thank you for picking the outcome of the 2018 Midterms.  I have listed everyone's choices below.  Good Luck!

  Senate:  NV  AZ  MO  IN  MT  FL  NJ    House MN1  FL26  FL15  NC9 VA5  VA7  KY6  NY22  ME2  PN1  NJ3  NJ7  MI8 IL6  MT

   Kate        R     D     R     D    D    D    D                    D       R        R       D       D       D      R       D         R       R       R     R       D    D     R

   Dana       D     R     R     D    R    D    D                    D       D        R       D       R       R      R       D         R       R       R     R       D    D     R

   Bell         R     D     R     D    D    D    D                    D       R        R       D       D       R      R       D         D       R       R     D       D    R      R   

   T.J.           R     D     D     D    D    D    D                   D       D        R       D       R       R      D       D        D       R       D     D       D    R      R 

  Brenda    D     R     R     R    D    D    D                    D       R        R       D       R       R      R       R         D       R       R     R       R    D      R   

  Brandon  D    D     D     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       R       R       R      R       D         D       R       D     D      R    R      R   

  Alex         D     D     R     D    R    D    D                    D       R        R       D       R       D      D       D        D       D       R     D       D    D     R   

  Maya       D     R     D     D    D    R    D                    D       R        R       D       R       R      R       R         D       R       R     D       R    R      R 

  Aaron      D     D     D     D    D    D    D                    R       R        R       R       R       R      D       D         D       D       D     D       R    D     R   

  Ilayai       D     D     R     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       D       R       R      D       D         D       D       D     D       D    D     R   

  Valerie    D     D     R     R    D    R    D                    D       R        R       R       R       R      D        D         D       D       D     D       R    R     D 

  Zayda     D     D     R     D    D    R    D                    D       D        R       R       R       R      D       D         D       D       R     D       R    D      D   

 Angelina  D    D     D     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       D       R       R      R       D         D       R       D     D       R    D      R   

  Shaana   D     D     R     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       R       R       R      D       D         D       R       D     D       R    D      R   

  Amelia    D     R     R     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       D       R       R      R       D         D       R       D     D       D    R      R 

Guests

 Santiago D     R     D     R    D    R    D                    D       D        R       D       R       D      D       D         R       D       D     D       R    D      D   

  Lawler    D     D     R     D    D    D    D                    R       R        R       D       D       D      D       D        D       D       D     D       D    D      R   

 Flesch  D     D     D     D    D    D    D                    D       D        R       D       R       R      R       D         D       R       D     D       D    R      D   

​  Whiteh.  R     R     R     D    D     R    D                    R       R        R       R       R        D      R       D         D       R       D     R       R    D      R   

 Jackson  D     D     D     D    D    D    D                    D       D        D       D       D       D      D       D        D       D       D     D       D    D     D 

   Tarte      R     R     R     R    R    R    R                      R       R        R       R       R       R      R       R         R       R       R     R       R    R      R 

  Berry       

 

  Due for Tuesday 11/6 Civil Rights

    1) Turn in the American Political Culture TestI reserve the right to hold a small in class component to make

        sure you did not just copy work on the take-home test. 

    2) Read the first half of Chapter 5 and answer questions a-f.  (The remainder g-k are due on Thursday 11/8 if

         you want to get ahead of the game.)  
       a) Explain the "incorporation process whereby the Fourteenth Amendment extended the protections of the
           the Bill of Rights to give individuals protection from the states. Give specific attention to the Supreme Court’s
          decisions in the Gitlow and Palko cases.
      b. Explain the facts of the Schenck case, and the "Clear and present danger" test that emerged from it. 
      c. Identify four types of speech which are not automatically granted full constitutional protection.
      d. Define libel and explain how libel laws are applied to public figures in the United States.
       e. Explain how the issue of flag burning played out in Congress and the Supreme Court.
       f. Identify 7-8 practices which the Supreme Court has not allowed under the Establishment clause.
      g.  What are the considerations in the Court’s three part test for potential violations of the Establishment clause?
      h. What are two ways court systems can handle evidence seized illegally by law enforcement officers?
      i. Summarize the story of Miranda and the Supreme Court’s decision in his case.  (This one is not a happy ending)
      j. Identify some examples of ways in which the Supreme Court has “relaxed” the Exclusionary Rule in recent years.
      k. Describe 4-5 provisions in the USA Patriot Act.  Do you feel safer because of these restrictions?


    2)  Watch the following short videos, answer the questions on a seperate sheet.


  Due for Friday 11/2 American Political Culture Test

    1) In honor of Mr. Lawler, we changed the in class test to a take home test.  Please finish this for turn in on

       Tuesday 11/6, no excuses. 

    2) We will have 2 student presentations today.  Be ready to go!

    3) To achieve a cool prize, make your predictions for the following 2018 Midterm races.  If you are like most

     budding political analysts, you will have to look at the map projections of polling experts like Nate Silver or

     CNN Political Center.  (There are more resource links in the document).  Take your time and research your

     predictions which are due on Friday, 11/2!  Mrs. Sears, Mr. Lawler and Mr. Whitehead will all pick against

     you.  Beat them...  It's not hard if you just use the maps and common sense!

     If I do not get your results on the political challenege, you will be given a fail. The results must be turned

      in today by 5 pm at the latest.  You may e-mail it to me at alan.vitale@cms.k12.nc.us  Please do not blow this.


    Due for Tuesday 10/30 American Political Culture
    1)  Make sure you know the terms from last week and be sure to have read Chap. 4.
    2) Complete the following vocabulary matching.
    3) Angelina is due to give her presentation today.  

    Due for Friday 10/26 American Political Culture

    1)  Define the following terms from Chapter 4:
       a. Blue states v. Red States       b. civic competence      c. civic duty        d. class consciousness 
       e. Congregational           f. equal opportunity         g. Individualism           h. liberty        i. opposition party 
        j. political culture            k. political ideology          l. political tolerance      m. inequality of outcome 
       n. inequality of opportunity


    2) Take a moment to read through this excellent outline of Chapter 4, Political Culture.  Highlight relevant sections!
    3) Then try tackling this quiz.  how did you do?  Print your finish page showing your score and turn it in.

    4) Shaana (and Taylor?) will present today.


  Due for Wednesday 10/24 Final Discussion- Federalism and Start of American Political Culture 
 
  1) Read Chapter 4 and answer the following questions.
          a. Identify and briefly comment on the five elements of American political culture. 
          b. What are some things that you have learned in this chapter about political culture in Sweden and Japan? 
          c. Summarize the findings of the study of political culture in the USA & Britain, Germany, Italy and Mexico. 
          d. Discuss some ways that religion has played an important role in American political culture an
          e. Discuss 4-5 of the sources of American political culture. 
          f. Identify the two sides in the culture war and contrast their beliefs, giving at least 5 examples for each. 
          g. What is political efficacy and what is the difference between internal and external political efficacy? 
          h. What are some explanations for why some highly unpopular groups continue to survive in our culture?


    2) Kate will present on the Female Conscription today.

     3) The article we read today from the NYT about gun owner's voting patterns was here.  Note how this is now the

          best measure of whether an American will vote Democratic or Republican. 


  Due for Thursday 10/17 Test on the Constitution and Federalism 

    1) Study.  Make sure to go over the Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 as both will be on the test.


  Due for Tuesday 10/15  The Critical Period and Federalism
   1) Make sure you review the events from the early American Critical Period (Articles of Confederation through Early
       Nation)  and Ch.3 Federalism for Thursday's test.  It will be short but challenging.
      

  Due for Friday 10/12 History of American Government
 
  1) Please watch this 6 min  HBO documentary on Gerrymandering.. It's part of a the "Vice" series. Enjoy.
    2) Read this editorial article from the leading analytical newspaper on politics:  The Washington Post.
    3) Watch this short CNN story on how badly NC is handling Gerrymandering. 
    4) There are solutions to gerrymandering. Read this interesting piece and this article about using statistics
        to resolve the problem.
    5) Last class, we discussed the status of US territories like Puerto Rico. Could it not be said Congress

         applies gerrymandering to them by excluding them from voting in elections as well?  

   6) During your class Friday, we will: (This is NOT homework)
         A) Start with a student presentation- Maya on Federal Aid for College Tuition (30 mins)


         B) Watch this Professor's documentary on Federalism to better understand Federal Power. (15-20  mins)
              - Complete these questions as you watch video #1. If the sub needs help with setup, please assist!

          C) Watch video #2, Crash Course Federalism (15 -20 mins)

                - Complete the following questions as you watch the video.


          D)  Briefly discuss the differences between the 2 videos and which was more useful.

  Due for Wednesday 10/10 History of American Government 
 
 1)  Start a governmental chart  which matches faces and names  of current government leaders to their jobs.
       You can have fun and find funny pictures of them in awkward situations. Add a short description of each job
       (What do they do?)
    2) We talked about the problems federalism creates for Drug Enforcement. Read the implications of drug 
        legalization and the resulting federal Constitutional conflicts. 

    3) During your class today, you will: (This is NOT homework)

         -start with a student presentation- Bell Pitkin on Overpopulation (25 mins max)

         - Watch this Frontline documentary on Hurricane Katrina to see how Federalism may not always

              work as intended. (55 mins)

        - Complete these questions as you watch the video. If the sub needs help with setup, please assist!
  

  Due for Monday 10/8 Federalism.
 
  1) We will finish recapping the Federalism ppt. Please make sure you read the chapter and take the time to look

      through the ppt and outlines assigned.    (There will be more such ppt's to follow to help if you prefer them). 
   2) Expect an ungraded practice exam next week to gauge your general knowledge. It will help me plan
      what areas to focus upon so don't worry about the score... It just demonstrates what you know, and

      what you will learn as the course goes on.  
   3) Watch this commentary on Puerto Rico & consider how it relates to Federalism.  It's funny but useful.
        Seriously, watch it and consider what Puerto Rico has done to raise money as a territory and whether it has

        paid off.  interestingly, this was made before the devastating hurricane of last year... things are significantly

       worse.
   
  

  Due for Thursday 10/4 Federalism

    1) Watch this 30 min documentary on Federalism.  The information is good despite the documentary's
         age as it uses Federal programs to make its points.  Then answer these questions. 


  Due for Tuesday 10/2 Constitution Test

    1) Prepare for Constitution Test today.  Simply put, know your amendments and sections of the Constitution.

        If you have memorized the study guides and the terms on the matching sheet, you will be fine.  Thank you

        for accommodating our guest speakers.  It has forced us to adjust the calendar but there is value in meeting

        the men you read about.  Please remember to let me know where you plan on volunteering to fulfill the

        class req't.

    2) Please take a moment to thank Senator Jackson and/or Tarte for taking the time to visit the class.  They 
         read their e-mail and would like to hear from you. Jackson's e-mail address is jacksonjla@ncleg.net   

         Sen. Tarte's aide is Larry@jefftarte.com   Please CC. me on your e-mail. (alan.vitale@cms.k12.nc.us)


  Due for Friday, 9/28    Constitution​  and  Federalism Test and Senator Tarte's Visit
   1) Senator Tarte will visit the class today,  I have been called away to deal with damage from the Hurricane but

        sincerely appreciate Sen. Tarte's willingness to visit. Please make sure to research his record and the electoral

        race.  Read this recent article in the Observer discussed the 2018 election in his district.  Mr. Lawler will be there

        in my stead to greet our guest.

   2) Prepare for the Chapter 2 and 3 test.  To prepare review the Constitution Powerpoint,  Con Chart, 

         chapter 3 outline and  know your terms.
   3)  Watch this video to prepare... its a good summary of the chapter's issues. It's well worth your time and notes
        you take on this video can be used on Monday's test.  They must closely follow the video to be usable though!
   4)  Using Rock the Vote’s Election Center, compare voter regulations in your state and answer the following:
         Select your state on the map and answer the following:
          a) When is the registration deadline for the next election?
          b) How far in advance of the election is this deadline?
          c) Does your state offer early voting?
          d) Does having committed a felony affect eligibility to vote in your state? (Horrifying example)

     Now choose another state... perhaps one you or your parent were born in:
          a) When is the registration deadline for the next election?
          b) How far in advance of the election is this deadline?
          c) Does your state offer early voting?  (NC's limiting early voting criticized)
          d) Does having committed a felony affect eligibility to vote in your state?

    What are the advantages of each state having flexibility in how elections are administered? Are there drawbacks?

  Due for Wednesday- 9/26 Federalism

    1) Using Chapter 3 on Federalism, answer the following questions:
       A. Explain the differences between political systems which are unitary, confederal or federal.
       B. Summarize the views of federalism held by Hamilton and Jefferson. Which view appears to have won out?
       C. Summarize the facts which led up to McCulloch v. Maryland and the importance of the Court’s decision.
       D. Explain what “nullification” refers to and note two examples of “nullification” politics in American history.
       E. Discuss at least 2 recent S. Ct. decisions which suggest the doctrine of dual federalism is not 100% dead.
       F. What are three reasons federal grants were initially quite attractive to state officials?
      G. Explain what the terms “second-order” and “third-order” devolution refer to.


  ​  Due for Monday 9/24 Federalism

   1) Read chapter 3 on Federalism or you can read from it straight from the book.  Then answer the
       following questions.   

   2) Make sure you review the bolded terms on Federalism.  I promise to have an entertaining game ready but
      it only works if you do too.  Needless to say, there will probably be a quiz. (I have to pretend to teach after all)
   2) Watch the following Crash Course on Federalism. Then answer these questions.
   3) Based  on the documentary we watched on Thursday, List at least 3  mistakes made by each of the following:

                 Local Government               State Government               Federal Government

    4) If you doubt whether Congress should have known about the danger, Watch this short PBS documentary.  Why

     did nobody pay attention? There was a shockingly clear warning!  Worse yet, what does it imply about other

     US cities disaster response? 

​​  Due for Thursday 9/20      Federalism and More Constitutional Review
   1) Go back over Chapter 3 on Federalism (here) and then complete the following term matching.  Take time to learn
       the bolded terms you don't know. A quiz is watching you from the corner.  You can't see it but it knows what you
       don't and it lives in MC463.  I've seen it lurking in the ceiling tiles
   2) Complete the Constitutional Scavenger Hunt page 2.  It's Constitution Week after all. but you can think of it
      as your best friends birthday if that helps you. Once again, you can use this annotated Constitution for reference.
    3) As a teacher, I recognize we all have legitimate difference of opinion on social issues.  However, I worry about
        people who make up facts or operate without researching economic truths. For example, read this analysis of
        the costs/benefits of immigration to the USA and ask whether most Americans are aware of it.  What counter
        arguments facts can be marshaled in response? Find another reliable source on either side of the debate.
      

  Due for Monday 9/17       Senator Jackson visit, Federalism and more Constitutional Review
   1) Complete the Constitutional Scavenger Hunt page 1.  You can use the annotated Constitution for reference.

       "ANNOTATED" just means it comes with helpful commentary... check it out for an easier assignment.
   2) Begin reading  chapter 3 on Federalism here or straight from the book.  Then answer the following questions.

   3) Prepare for Senator Jackson's visit by readingthis short article on GerrymanderingPlease read this for

       understanding.  The senator is one of the leading experts on this topic in NC and has made this a key issue.

       Read it as we are working now to reschedule Sen. Jackson as quickly as possible.


    Due for Thursday 9/13       Constitutional Review and Guest Visit

    1) Start the Constitutional Scavenger Hunt page 1.  You can use the annotated Constitution for reference.
    2) Complete the Constitution and Amendment charts for turn in today.

    3) Remember to stay up to date on national news.  Current events are fair game on any future test. Plus it gives

       you material to ask about with guests like Economist Jeff Scott or Senator Jeff Tarte  or Senator

       Jackson who we are working to re-schedule 

  Due for Tuesday 9/11 Constitution Review
  
1) I am moving the Constitution test to 9/24. Forgive me, but we were able to secure 3 guest speakers in the next 2

       weeks, including state senators, from each party and an economist  considered for Secretary of the Treasury

       by the Libertarian party.  I'd always prefer real life experience in front of textbook learning but in the meantime,

       please continue to study the Amendments, history & structure of  the Constitution for the test.  

    2) Complete the Constitution and Amendment charts by Thursday.

    3) Don't forget about the Rho Kappa meeting today at 4:25 pm in the library.  Officer elections will be conducted.

    4) Our short 10-15 minute individual presentations and debates which begin today.  ​​ Thank you Aaron for leading

       off! Obviously, there will be no presentation on a guest speaker day.

   5) In a twist, a hurricane is forming in the Atlantic with an unusually high chance to hit the NC coast on Friday.  It

        is rare for a hurricane to take this path as only one other has hit land from that angle, a hurricane in 1932.  It is

        fueled by unusually warm water in the mid-Atlantic which many blame on a warming climate.  There is an

        interesting split in the climate models regarding the storm's path.  The American NOAA models predict it will

       turn north and hit NC's Outer Banks.  The European funded models call for  a course that makes direct landfall

       with the mainland.  The American models used to be the dominate predictor but lack of funding may have

        allowed the European models to leapfrog our advantage.   If the hurricane turns north and skirts the

        Outer Banks, it tells us American expertise is alive and well.  If the hurricane's path hammers the NC coast

        it's a "Sputnik" reminder that budget cuts are relegating Americato a less dominant role. Yes,

        its just a weather forecast but it offers insight into government funding of NOAA (and science in

        general.)  Let's see how this storm trends. It will make for some excitement (and rain) for next weekend.

         Surfing anyone?  


Due for Friday 9/7 Constitutional Analysis
   
1) The basis for the US Government is the Constitution. Despite that, many "PROUD" AMERICANS  don't

       recognize our founding documents.  We often forget the drafters of the Constitution were also error prone.
        Still, we have a pretty good government, the oldest Republic in the modern era.  (The Romans still
        beat us for longevity but I haven't heard much from them lately)  To prepare 
        for your 1st test, on Thursday, 9/13 complete the following chart analyzing Articles 1-7 of the Constitution.  

       The Constitution and Amendments chart are a big part of what you need to know.  Both will be due on Thursday

       9/13 before the test.
    2) Have a go at this matching exercise from Chapter 2.  Its going to be a blast.  If you want to do more of them,
        e-mail me and for a small bribe, I'll assign another set.  Either way, I'll collect 'em today.
    3) Please finish the movie and complete the questions for the documentary on New Systems of Gov't


  Due for Wednesday 9/5 Constitution

    1) Complete the following worksheet listing the Constitutional Amendments.  Take some time to add illustrations

      for each... after all, its an Arts School, right?  A quiz on the Amendments will follow.

    2) Finish Reading Chapter 2 and answer the following questions: 

           a) How did James Madison’s notions of human nature play an important role in the framing of the Constitution?

           b) Explain why the Constitution did not include a bill of rights. Then explain why one was added.

           c) Discuss whether “women were left out of the Constitution.” 

    3) Read this expert consulting firm's analysis of the 2018 election and make 3 observations that surprised or

        intrigued you.


  Due for Friday 8/31- Introduction to the Constitution

   1) From Friday's class: Read the Background to the Constitutional Convention and find the answers to the
      following questions about the Constitution.  More background can be found by watching this documentary.  

   2)  Get to know your textbook... It is waiting at home for you, ready to become your most loyal friend.  Read pgs

        20-36 and answer the following questions: 

      a)  List and discuss the shortcomings of government under the Articles of Confederation.

      b. Discuss the backgrounds of the writers of the Constitution, and explain why these men tended to be

          mistrustful of the notion of democracy.

      c. Compare and contrast the Virginia and New Jersey plans, and show how they led to the Great Compromise.

      d. Explain why the separation of powers and federalism became key parts of the Constitution. Hint: the Framers’

          intention was NOT to make the system more democratic, nor efficient. 

    3) Don't forget to send me your information if you family makes less than $65,000/year if you want me to submit

        your names to a scholarship matching service.  There is no cost and it may help you pay for college.

    4) If you wanted to finish the short video on racial politics in the US, the link to the remainderis hereIf you just 

        want to watch a funny but disturbing dog video, go here instead.

​ 

  Due for Wednesday 8/29- AP US Government 

    1) Read the2016 Election Analysis in preparation for next class.  Highlight relevant parts and prepare at least 3 

      questions for class discussion.  The article points out the 2016 victory for Trump was so narrow that a change

      in the vote of three counties would have flipped the outcome to Hillary Clinton.  If that doesn't tell you how

       close the race was, nothing will.  

  2) Return your signed copy of the Syllabus.

  3) Complete the first 2 Political Ideology Links .  Print out your "findings" page for each so we can discuss your

      political standing in class.

  4) Ask your parent to fill out the Parent handout survey.  It's fast and may tell you more than you think.

  5) Find a newspaper story that involves an issue that involves  a Constitutional issue, read it and come in prepared

      to discuss it. Good places to look include the New York Times,  Wall Street Journal,  Washington Post,  Charlotte

        Observer, etc  Expect a current events quiz... nothing ridiculous but be aware of the news headlines.

   6) As an aside, I was saddened to see the president would not honor the passing of Senator John McCain.

       McCain could not lift his arms due to injuries sustained during torture and internment during the Vietnam War. 

       His Senatorial service was filled with kindness & decency and a willingness to take on powerful interests. 

       He  championed campaign finance reform, decried torture and supported bipartisan healthcare reform.  

       He clashed with party leaders while trying to remove special interest money from elections and limit

       wasteful "porkbarrel" spending by Congressmen on both sides.  He lost the 2000 SC primary to "W" Bush after

        Bush supporters spread rumors McCain had a black grand child in a racially divisive campaign.  (They actually

        adopted a daughter from Bangladesh who had a cleft palette before they got her treatment)  Sadly,  it worked

        and put Bush in the White House.  Although I worked with the Bush team in DC at the time, I was so moved

         with the grace McCain handled the personal attacks that I "quietly" voted for him in the Virginia primary.  

         I didn't always agree with him but it was hard not to respect his integrity and decency.  When a poorly informed

         voter tried to insinuate Obama was an Arab radical during the 2008 election, McCain refused to exploit the

          moment and spoke out in support of his opponent.   It helped cost him the election, but he did so anyway. 

         Others have embraced this group of voters and fanned their  fears, often irrationally.

          I last met McCain in person 8 years ago in passing.  The Senate and the nation are lesser for his loss.  

         Nonetheless, Trump mocked McCain's passing and refused to allow the White House flag to remain at 1/2 staff. 

         Virtually every other flag around Washington DC and the nation ignored the President and kept their

         flags at half staff until Trump relented and declared a period of mourning for McCain this afternoon.  It was

         beneath the presidency to engage in such antics, but worth noting that only 20% of Republicans in Arizona 

          supported McCain while 80% of the AZ GOP supports Trump.  In fact, both sitting Senators from the state

          would have eventually been replaced by hyperpartisan replacements.  What this says about Arizona and

          the nation remains to be written but it fills me with sadness to see the passing of an icon 


  Due for Monday 8/27- Welcome to AP US Government with Mr. Vitale.  Your first assignment will be:

   1) Begin picking out a discussion topic you would feel comfortable leading a 10-15 minute class discussion 
       on over the course of the fall semester.  Topic choices and date selection will occur next class.  Possible 
       ideas will be posted shortly.